Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin (1842 – 1924) was an African American publisher, journalist, civil rights leader, suffragist and the founder and editor of Women’s Era, the first journal written by and for African American women. Together with her husband George Lewis Ruffin, Josephine worked to recruit black soldiers to the Union cause during the Civil War and to support the men in the field.
Shirley Chisholm 1969 of New York, becomes the first Black woman in Congress. Her motto is, "Unbought and unbossed." She served in the U.S. House of Representatives for 14 years. Shirley Chisholm (D-NY) becomes the first black woman U.S. Representative. Read more: Famous Firsts by American Women, 1901–Present | Infoplease.com http://www.infoplease.com/spot/womensfirsts2.html#ixzz2XSMje5Ep