Rosa Parks Statue, Capitol's First Of African-American Woman, To Be Dedicated
Rosa Parks - (1913–2005) African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called "the first lady of civil rights", & "mother of the freedom movement". In 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver's order to give up her seat to make room for a white passenger. Her civil disobedience sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Josephine Baker was the first African American female to star in a motion picture, to integrate an American concert hall, and to become a world-famous entertainer. Not only was Josephine beautiful, but she brought incredible amounts of change to the US for African Americans. After growing up being abused by her white female employer, Josephine went to to live as a child of the streets, using street performances to support herself. She soon became the “highest paid chorus girl in…
In 1952, Ruby McCollum, the wealthiest African-American woman in Live Oak, murdered the town’s beloved doctor, a white man named Leroy Adams. She said it was the only way she knew to end six years of rape. The case would help show that a persistent form of bondage plagued the South for a century after the Civil War — “paramour rights,” the assumption that white men had a right to use African-American women for sex.
Too Black For America: 1950's Beauty Helen Williams - The First African American Fashion Model >>Helen Williams was the 1st female African American fashion model to break into the mainstream. But it was the French, rather than the Americans, that embraced her.