From December 1941 all women aged 18 to 50, except those exempted, were required to do National Service. They could either join one the uniformed women's services,or seek work in a factory.The contribution made by the women factory workers must be among the most neglected aspect of WW2.The factories were the target of enemy bombers & their homes were near those factories.They worked long hours, spent nights in air raid shelters & survived under food and fuel rationing conditions.
World War 2: British fighter aircraft are being produced in increasing numbers. Here are Spitfires in production, in a factory where women play an important part, and are employed in nearly all branches of construction. April 3, 1941.
Portraits of new arrivals were used as a marker of a child's progress in the Society. Case studies of some children appeared in the newsletter 'Our Waifs and Strays' describing how they had been transformed from a 'potential street loafer' into a productive member of society. These studies were often illustrated with 'before and after' photographs, contrasting their ragged past with their new-found respectability.
MUNITIONS FACTORIES UNITED KINGDOM DURING FIRST WORLD WAR. Three female munitions workers stand in front of 15-inch high explosive shells at the National Shell Filling Factory at Chilwell, Nottinghamshire, during the First World War.
EVERYDAY LIFE AT A MINISTRY OF SUPPLY SHELL FILLING FACTORY, ENGLAND, UK, 1941. A female factory worker fits exploders into rows of shells at this filling factory. Behind her, other munitions workers can also be seen.