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From December 1941 all women aged 18 to 50, except those exempted, were required to do National Service. They could either join one the uniformed women's services,or seek work in a factory.The contribution made by the women factory workers must be among the most neglected aspect of WW2.The factories were the target of enemy bombers & their homes were near those factories.They worked long hours, spent nights in air raid shelters & survived under food and fuel rationing conditions.

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from Telegraph.co.uk

World War 2 in pictures: Women at war

World War 2: British fighter aircraft are being produced in increasing numbers. Here are Spitfires in production, in a factory where women play an important part, and are employed in nearly all branches of construction. April 3, 1941.

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Portraits of new arrivals were used as a marker of a child's progress in the Society. Case studies of some children appeared in the newsletter 'Our Waifs and Strays' describing how they had been transformed from a 'potential street loafer' into a productive member of society. These studies were often illustrated with 'before and after' photographs, contrasting their ragged past with their new-found respectability.

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MUNITIONS FACTORIES UNITED KINGDOM DURING FIRST WORLD WAR. Three female munitions workers stand in front of 15-inch high explosive shells at the National Shell Filling Factory at Chilwell, Nottinghamshire, during the First World War.

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EVERYDAY LIFE AT A MINISTRY OF SUPPLY SHELL FILLING FACTORY, ENGLAND, UK, 1941. A female factory worker fits exploders into rows of shells at this filling factory. Behind her, other munitions workers can also be seen.

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Sepia photograph of five Victorian steelworkers. In Victorian times steelworkers started working as young as six years old. Work was dangerous, with little protection from the dangers of molten hot steel. ©Sheffield Industrial Museums Trust

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