Confederate Lt. Col. James Keith & his regiment engaged w/ pro-Unionist civilian irregulars in Shelton Laurel near Marshall, NC. 12 were shot, & 7 captured. He then located these men’s family homes & tortured their mothers, sisters, wives, & daughters by breaking their fingers until they revealed the locations of more Union sympathizers. 13 arrested males all were executed by firing squad & thrown in a ditch. Keith was given 2 years in prison for this before escaping, & was never seen again.