Pinterest • The world’s catalogue of ideas

Detail of Map of Italy 5th century BC: Etruscan territory and sphere of influence. Mystery of History Volume 1, Lesson 70 #MOHI70


The ancestry of the Roman alphabet from Kemetic (Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs) to Semetic (early Hebrew) to Phoenician to Greek. (J, U, and W were late additions to the Roman alphabet.) The Ancient Egyptian name for their own writing system was "Metu Neter" - meaning divine speech. "Hieroglyphs" is a Greek word - "hieros" means "sacred", "glyph" means writing.


The Etruscan language has been difficult to analyze, as It resembles no other language in Europe or elsewhere. The Etruscan language was spoken and written by the Etruscan civilization in the ancient region of Etruria (modern Tuscany plus western Umbria and northern Latium) and in parts of Lombardy, Veneto, and Emilia-Romagna (where the Etruscans were displaced by Gauls). Etruscan was superseded by Latin, leaving only a few documents and some loanwords in Latin like Roma.


Etruscan Gold Book: This is believed to be the oldest complete multiple page book found in the world. It is made of six plates of gold, each 5 x 4.5 cm, and bound with two rings. It dates to 600 BC.

from Read It Forward

Rare, Unique, and Unusual Books

The world's oldest multiple-page book - the book dates back to 600BC. In the lost Etruscan language - on display in Bulgaria's National History Museum in Sofia.


The RAS'NA (Etruscan) Alphabet. The Etruscan language is universally accepted as an isolated case. It cannot be shown conclusively to be related to any other language, living or dead, except for a couple of sparsely attested extinct languages. Here they used ancient Greek an Phoenicians signs to fit their still mysterious language..


Etruscan bronze statuette of a haruspex wearing a pointed hat. C.600BC. Villa Giulia Etruscan national museum


Sumerian is the earliest known writing system. Its origins can be traced back to about 8,000 BC.


Etruscan Vase in the shape of a cock, second half of 7th century B.C. Etruscan Terracotta


The origins of the Etruscans are lost in prehistory. Historians have no literature, no texts of religion or philosophy; therefore much of what is known about this civilization is derived from grave goods and tomb findings. The main hypotheses are that they are indigenous, probably stemming from the Villanovan culture or from the Near East (Anatolia). Knowledge of the Etruscan language is still far from complete. The Etruscans are believed to have spoken a non-Indo-European language.