Development Cycle: Testing: Captain Jacqueline S. Parker became the first female US Air Force pilot to graduate from the US Air Force Test Pilot School, 1989
The X-planes are a series of experimental United States airplanes and helicopters used to test and evaluate new technologies and aerodynamic concepts. Most of the X-planes have been operated by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics or, later, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration , often in conjunction with the United States Air Force. The majority of X-plane testing has occurred at Edwards Air Force Base.
Space Shuttle landing on Northrup Strip at White Sands, New Mexico (top) the only time it ever landed there. Photograph of wingtip vortices as lands at Edwards Air Force Base (lower). (NASA photographs and
The North American Aviation flaring to land on Rogers Dry Lake, Edwards AFB, California The rear skids are just touching down. The white patches on the aircraft's belly is frost from residual cryogenic propellants remaining in its tanks.