Dutch Sea Beggars medal Translation: Rather Turkish than Papist -- In Spite of the Mass
William of Orange,Prince of Orange and Stadholder of the Spanish Netherlands along with being the leader of the Dutch Revolt
Banquet of the Amsterdam Civic Guard in Celebration of the Peace of Münster, painted 1648, exhibited at the Rijksmuseum.
Philip II of Spain,1554 – 1598, Anthonis Mor. (sender of the Spanish Armada)
The Dutch Revolt and Catholic Exile in Reformation Europe
Image result for overlay of 17 states and todays boundaries the netherlands
Lille and the Dutch Revolt: Urban Stability in an Era of Revolution, 1500-1582
Beggars Iconoclasts and Civic Patriots: The Political Culture of the Dutch Revolt