Marc Chagall, (1887-1985) was een Frans kunstschilder van Joods-Wit-Russische afkomst. Hij was de zoon van een eenvoudige haringhandelaar en de oudste van negen kinderen. Het gezin was chassidisch joods. Deze arme maar gelukkige periode in Chagalls leven keert talloze malen terug in zijn werk.

Franz Marc, Rehe im Wald, 1913

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"Degenerate Art"

Jean Metzinger | en Canot,1913, oil on canvas | exhibited at Moderni Umeni, S.V.U. Mánes, Prague, 1914, acquired in 1916 by Georg Muche at the Galerie Der Sturm, confiscated by the Nazis circa 1936, displayed at the Degenerate Art show in Munich, and missing ever since.

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1937 Munich exhibition of Degenerate Art excerpt from holocaust museum

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Degenerate art (German: Entartete Kunst) was a term adopted by the Nazi regime in Germany to describe virtually all modern art. Such art was banned on the grounds that it was un-German, Jewish or Communist in nature, and those identified as degenerate artists were subjected to sanctions. These included being dismissed from teaching positions, being forbidden to exhibit or to sell their art, and in some cases being forbidden to produce art entirely.

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Silent footage of the “Degenerate Art” exhibition in Munich, taken in 1937 by the American filmmaker Julien Bryan. The excerpt, part of a longer film, is featured in a new show at the Neue Galerie.

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