Dada or Dadaism was an art movement which began in Zurich, Switzerland in 1916, spreading to Berlin shortly thereafter. It was born out of negative reaction to the horrors of World War I. Dada rejected reason and logic, prizing nonsense, irrationality and intuition. Dada activities included public gatherings, demonstrations, and publication of art/literary journals; passionate coverage of art, politics, and culture were topics often discussed in a variety of media.
Dada Manifesto by Hugo Ball 14th july 1916: 'Dada comes from the dictionary. it is terribly simple. In French it means "hobby horse." In German it means "good-by," "Get off my back," "Be seeing you sometime." In Romanian: "Yes, indeed, you are right, that's it. But of course, yes, definitely, right." And so forth'. -text at http://www.docstoc.com/docs/98555559/hugo-ball---dada-manifesto-july-1916
“To Make a Dadaist Poem”, part VIII of the “dada manifesto on feeble love and bitter love” (1920): Take a newspaper. Take some scissors. Choose from this paper an article of the length you want to make your poem. Cut out the article. Next carefully cut out each of the words that makes up this article and put them all in a bag. Shake gently. Next take out each cutting one after the other. Copy conscientiously in the order in which they left the bag. Them poem will resemble you...
Tristan Tzara primary founder Dadaism Romanian French born poet artist wrote 1st Dada texts 25 poémes 1918 dada manifestos 1924 regular performer at Cabaret Voltaire Zurich. In Paris, Tzara joined staff at literature magazine marked Dada’s transition into Surrealism. official death of Dadism in 1922.