Raoul Hausmann. The Art Critic 1919-20. Hausmann, a founder member of the Berlin Dada group, developed photomontage as a tool of satire and political protest. The fragment of a German banknote behind the critic’s neck suggests that he is controlled by capitalist forces. The words in the background are part of a poem poster made by Hausmann to be pasted on the walls of Berlin.
The Dada movement claimed to be anti-art and had a strong negative and destructive element. Rejecting all tradition, they sought complete freedom. Dada quickly spread from Zurich to other European cities. Dada artists claimed to have invented photomontage.