Knights Hospitaller, 13thCentury Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta, Knights of Malta, Knights of Rhodes, and Chevaliers de Malte. Active: c.1099–Present Allegiance: Papacy
Richard I of England (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) King, Crusader, knight and Overlord of Brittany. He was known as Cœur de Lion, or Richard the Lionheart. Richard was a central Christian commander during the Third Crusade, effectively leading the campaign after the departure of Philip Augustus and scoring considerable victories against his Muslim counterpart, Saladin, but was unable to reconquer Jerusalem.