Born enslaved in 1847, John Roy Lynch eventually served as a U.S. Congressman from Mississippi from 1873 to 1877 and 1882-1883. Prior to his term in Congress he had served as Speaker of the Mississippi House of Representatives. An active Republican, Lynch served in various Party capacities in Mississippi and Washington, D.C. until 1911. In 1912, he moved to Chicago where he practiced law until his death in 1939. The speech in the link is “Speech on the Civil Rights Bill” from 1875.