Survivors of the Wounded Knee Massacre. [left to right] Brothers White Lance, Joseph Horn Cloud, and Dewey Beard . Joseph Horn Cloud was about sixteen years old when he witnessed the Wounded Knee massacre on December 29, 1890, two other brothers, Frank Horn Cloud and Earnest Horn Cloud also survived, his parents, two brothers, and a sister were killed.
After 1763, although the British claimed a large portion of North America, the Proclamation Line of 1763 prohibited American colonists from moving into Native territories west of the Appalachian mountains. The British colonists, who had fought alongside the British in the war, were not happy with this limitation.
Geronimo (June 1829 – February 17, 1909) was a prominent leader of the Bedonkohe Apache who fought against Mexico and Arizona for their expansion into Apache tribal lands. "Geronimo" was the name given to him during a battle with Mexican soldiers. ~ Quanah Parker (1845 or 1852 – February 23, 1911) was from the Comanche band Quahadi, and emerged as a dominant figure, particularly after the Comanches' final defeat. He was one of the last Comanche chiefs.