Central Venous Pressure Monitoring. Normal Sternum: 0–14 cm H2O, Midaxillary line: 8–15 cm H2O. CVP can be measured by connecting the patient's central venous catheter to a special infusion set which is connected to a small diameter water column. If the water column is calibrated properly the height of the column indicates the CVP. In most intensive care units, equipment is available to measure CVP continuously. Normal range for CVP is 3–12 cm water pressure
The mixed signals media puts out in concern to women's body image. Women are constantly told of what their body image should look like. Often times, media are not on the same page in agreeing on what the image of a woman should be.
A Hickman line is a central venous catheter most often used for the administration of chemotherapy or other medications, as well as for the withdrawal of blood for analysis. Some types are used mainly for the purpose of apheresis or dialysis.