“No human being is illegal.” Elie Wiesel, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986, author of Night, and survivor of the Auschwitz, Buna, and Buchenwald concentration camps.

“No human being is illegal.” Elie Wiesel, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986, author of Night, and survivor of the Auschwitz, Buna, and Buchenwald concentration camps.

Two World War II prisoners of war stare through a barbed wire fence at Buchenwald Concentration Camp near Weimar, Germany in 1945.

Two World War II prisoners of war stare through a barbed wire fence at Buchenwald Concentration Camp near Weimar, Germany in 1945.

Kentucky Senator Alben W. Barkley witnesses firsthand the evils of Nazism via Weimar, Germany's Buchenwald concentration camp.

Kentucky Senator Alben W. Barkley witnesses firsthand the evils of Nazism via Weimar, Germany's Buchenwald concentration camp.

Portrait of Joseph Schleifstein wearing his concentration camp uniform a year or two after his liberation from Buchenwald concentration camp:

Portrait of Joseph Schleifstein wearing his concentration camp uniform a year or two after his liberation from Buchenwald concentration camp:

As was true with other prisoner categories, some homosexuals were also victims of cruel medical experiments, including castration. At Buchenwald concentration camp, SS physician Dr. Carl Værnet performed operations designed to convert men to heterosexuals: the surgical insertion of a capsule which released the male hormone testosterone. Such procedures reflected the desire by Himmler and others to find a medical solution to homosexuality.

As was true with other prisoner categories, some homosexuals were also victims of cruel medical experiments, including castration. At Buchenwald concentration camp, SS physician Dr. Carl Værnet performed operations designed to convert men to heterosexuals: the surgical insertion of a capsule which released the male hormone testosterone. Such procedures reflected the desire by Himmler and others to find a medical solution to homosexuality.

Portrait of a battered German SS camp guard after the liberation of Buchenwald concentration camp. Following the liberation of Buchenwald by the U.S. 9th Armored Infantry Battalion, 6th Armored Division, part of the U.S Third Army (United States Army...

Portrait of a battered German SS camp guard after the liberation of Buchenwald concentration camp. Following the liberation of Buchenwald by the U.S. 9th Armored Infantry Battalion, 6th Armored Division, part of the U.S Third Army (United States Army...

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