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1742 British Long land pattern flintlock musket (Brown Bess) at the National Army Museum, London - From the curators' comments: "The Long Land Pattern, commonly called the 'Brown Bess', was the standard British Army musket for most of the eighteenth century....he Brown Bess weighed about five kilograms and fired a ball weighing about 40g. It had an effective range of about 80m. Muskets were most effective when they were fired in volleys (large numbers of men all firing at the same time)."

1742 British Long land pattern flintlock musket (Brown Bess) at the National…

Brown Bess  .75 Caliber Flintlock Musket  The Brown Bess was the principal weapon used by English troops during the colonization of Indian and American territories. The smooth bore, 41 15/61 inch round barrel is made of polished steel. The buttplate, trigger guard assembly, ramrod ferrels and forend cap are highly polished brass. The lock and hammer are made of finely polished steel. The wood is European walnut with an oil finish. Weight: 8.82 lbs

The Brown Bess musket must be one of the strongest and most reliable arms ever made. At calibre it does a lot of damage, and there is li.

X-ray of a 1769 Short Land Pattern Brown Bess Musket recovered from a shipwreck. Scan reveals the musket was loaded with buck and ball. From the Lighthouse Archaeological Maritime Program, St. Augustine.

Xray showing buck and ball still loaded in a flintlock found outside Charleston SC from the Revolutionary War

Pedersoli Brown Bess Musket

Pedersoli Brown Bess Musket

Bayonet from Brown Bess musket by Waterloo200, via Flickr

Bayonet from Brown Bess musket by Waterloo200, via Flickr

Short Land (2nd Model) Brown Bess Flintlock Musket

The British Land Pattern Musket, commonly referred to as "Brown Bess". This musket and its variants were used from 1722 to by both the British Army and United States Army.

Smoke curls around the lock of a freshly fired British "Brown Bess" flintlock musket.

Smoke curls around the lock of a freshly fired British "Brown Bess" flintlock musket.

Brown Bess Workbench

The Brown Bess Workbench

Replica of a British New Land Pattern Brown Bess Musket - Light Infantry Pattern, circa 1812 to 1840.

Replica of a British New Land Pattern Brown Bess Musket - Light Infantry Pattern, circa 1812 to

BROWN BESS “Militia & Marine” PATTERN MUSKET DATED 1759.

BROWN BESS “Militia & Marine” PATTERN MUSKET DATED 1759.

Original 19th century Brown Bess musket tool. The difference between musket ball and barrel diameters was called "windage". It was standard practice to make the ball caliber .050 smaller than the caliber of the musket barrel for which it was intended. This clearance was needed to take care of three inaccuracies.olded musket balls were not perfectly round and varied in diameter from mold to mold; 2) the barrels were not uniform in inside diameter or "bore", neither from one end to the other…

Original 19th century Brown Bess musket tool. The difference between musket ball and barrel diameters was called "windage". It was standard practice to make the ball caliber .050 smaller than the caliber of the musket barrel for which it was intended. This clearance was needed to take care of three inaccuracies.olded musket balls were not perfectly round and varied in diameter from mold to mold; 2) the barrels were not uniform in inside diameter or "bore", neither from one end to the other…