The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on 3 March 1918 between the new Bolshevik government of Soviet Russia and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Ottoman Empire), that ended Russia's participation in World War I. The treaty was signed at Brest-Litovsk (Polish: Brześć Litewski; since 1945 Brest), after two months of negotiations. The treaty was forced on the Bolshevik government by the threat of further advances by German and Austrian forces…
The only significant action during Operation Barbarossa for the 60 cm Karl-Gerät self-propelled siege mortar was the bombardment of the Soviet fortress of Brest-Litovsk, where a battery of two howitzers from 833rd Heavy Mortar Battery fired a total of 31 rounds against the enemy. Here the 60 cm Karl-Gerät “Odin” is prepared to fire on the fortress in June 1941..
On March 3, 1918, the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk is signed & takes Russia out of WWI. From the treaty, Russia surrendered more than 290,000 square miles of land & quarter of its population. The territory held a quarter of the nation's industry & 90% of its coal mines. However, on November 5, Germany renounced the treaty due to constant radical publicity coming from Russia. With German approval of the truce, the Bolsheviks negated the treaty & the independence of Poland and Finland is accepted.
Signing of the Peace Treaty of Brest-Litovsk during the night between February 9 and 10, 1918. Sitting in the middle from the left: Count Ottokar Czernin, Richard von Kühlmann and Vasil Radoslavov. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on March 3, 1918 between the Russian SFSR and the Central Powers, but prior to that on February 9, 1918, the Central Powers signed an exclusive protectorate treaty with the Ukrainian People's Republic