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1963 - The 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama was bombed as an act of racially motivated terrorism. The explosion at the African-American church, kills four girls and marks a turning point in the U.S. Civil Rights Movement. It helps build support for passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

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BIRMINGHAM, Alabama, 1963 — A woman protester being arrested and led away by police © Bruce Davidson / Magnum Photos

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The Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. sits in a jail cell in Birmingham, Alabama. October, 1967.

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1962 American clergyman and civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. (1929 - 1968) makes a public address in Birmingham, Alabama. (Photo by Ernst Haas/Ernst Haas/Getty Images)

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The four girls killed in the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing in Birmingham, Ala., Sept. 15, 1963, clockwise from top left: Addie Mae Collins, Cynthia Wesley, Carole Robertson and Carol Denise McNair

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African American children are attacked by dogs and water cannons during a protest against segregation organized by Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth in May 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama

African American children are attacked by dogs and water cannons during a protest against segregation organized by Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth in May 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama [Getty Images]

The Rev Fred Shuttlesworth

Fred Shuttlesworth (centre left) with Ralph Abernathy and Martin Luther King in Birmingham, Alabama, in May 1963.