The great naval battle of Salamis was fought between the Greeks and Persians in 480 BCE in the narrow strait between Salamis and Attica. The Phoenicians made up an important part of the Persian navy. King Xerxes I of Persia had with him three loyal kings from the Phoenicians city-states: King Eshmunazar II of Sidon, son of high priestess of Astarte; King Mattan IV of Tyre, son of Hiram; and King Maharbaal of Arvad.
The Battle of Salamis (Ancient Greek: Ναυμαχία τῆς Σαλαμῖνος, Naumachia tēs Salaminos) was fought between an Alliance of Greek city-states and the Persian Empire in 480 BC, in the straits between the mainland and Salamis, an island in the Saronic Gulf near Athens. It marked the high-point of the second Persian invasion of Greece, which had begun that spring.