The Battle of Poltava is widely believed to have been the beginning of Sweden's decline as a Great Power, as the tsardom of Russia took their place as the leading nation of north-eastern Europe. The battle also bears some importance in Ukrainian national history: indeed, hetman Ivan Mazepa sided with the Swedes, as he sought to create an uprising in Ukraine, against the tsardom.
File:King's colour Karl XII.jpg-"The Battle of Poltava." Personal standard of Charles XII, captured during the Battle of Poltava (Peter and Paul Fortress, the Commandant's House, the exhibition "History of St. Petersburg - Petrograd. 1703-1918")
On June 27th, 1709 one of the famous events in the World History took place - The Battle of Poltava. Russian military headed by Peter The Great won a brilliant victory over the Swedish army headed by Karl the XII. The Battle of Poltava is an unfading example of the feat of arms, courage and valour of the people for their independence. The victory at the Battle of Poltava saved the Ukrainian and Byelorussian peoples from enslavement, strengthened their friendship with the Russian people.