The Battle of Kadesh took place between the forces of the Egyptian Empire under Ramesses II and the Hittite Empire under Muwatalli II at the city of Kadesh on the Orontes River, in what is now the Syrian Arab Republic. The battle is generally dated to 1274 BC and is the earliest battle in recorded history for which details of tactics and formations are known. It was probably the largest chariot battle ever fought, involving perhaps 5,000–6,000 chariots
https://flic.kr/p/72pTGQ | Le Rhamesséion / The Ramesseum | The Ramesseum also features a mural of the Battle of Kadesh. In this conflict, Ramesses fought on chariot far away from home, in Kadesh, modern-day Syria. When Ramesses arrived with a contingent of his forces, he unexpectedly ran into a much larger Hittitie army, which nearly enveloped him. Unlike Darius, who would be personally assaulted by Alexander, Ramesses did not flee. Rather, he rallied his troops and demonstrated…
ABU SIMBEL TEMPLES, Egypt: were carved out of a mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BC, as a monument to him following tragedy at the Battle of Kadesh. The complex was relocated in its entirety in 1968 to an artificial hill made from a domed structure, high above the Aswan High Dam reservoir which would otherwise have submerged the temples.
In 1275 BC there were two superpowers in the ancient near east, in the south the Egyptians and in the north the Hittites from Anatolia in modern day central Turkey. A clash between these two powers was inevitable. The Egyptian Pharaoh Rameses II marched an army north into Syria to confront the Hittites and their allies under King Muwatallis.