James Tissot, "The Flight of the Prisoners". The Babylonian captivity (or Babylonian exile) is the period in Jewish history during which a number of Jews of the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia during the reign of Nebuchadnezzer. The Jews were deported in 597 BC, circa 587 BC, and circa 582 BC, respectively.
Martin Luther's 'On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church,' in which he criticizes the seven sacraments of the Catholic Church, was the second of three treatises published by Luther in 1520 which became manifestos for the Reformation. (View Larger)