Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato's teacher), Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. Aristotle's writings were the first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality and aesthetics, logic and science, politics and metaphysics. We will meet him from time to time, for example when we think about the need to classify ideas and concepts.
Aristotle, the greek philosopher, scientist and teacher was one of the great founders of the western philosophy still practiced today. One of Aristotle's main focuses was the concept of logic. His theory of deduction was the basis of which we call syllogism nowadays. A logical argument where the conclusion is inferred from two or more premises of a certain form. Aristotle's philosophy provided both a system of reasoning through logic and also moral ethics.