T E LAWRENCE ARAB REVOLT 1916 - 1918 (Q 59888) HM Sherif Hussein of Mecca (c 1854 - 1931). Hussein was appointed Sherif and Emir of Mecca in 1908. In this role he opposed the Ottomanisation of Hejaz. When Turkey entered the First World War, Hussein declared the Arab Revolt on 5 June 1916. At the Versailles Peace Conference, he was acknowledged as King of Hejaz but not as King of the Arabs.