Alan Turing, British mathematician (1912-1954), altered the course of the 20th C. His 1936 paper laid the foundation of computer science, providing the first formal concept of a computer algorithm. In WWII he designed the machines that cracked German military codes. In the late 1940's he turned his attention to artificial intelligence and proposed a challenge, now called the Turing test, still important today. His contribution to mathematical biology was no less profound.
Alan Turing, everyone (Had to learn about him from a movie!)
The legendary World War II-era codebreaker who was convicted of "gross indecency" after engaging in a same-sex relationship may finally receive a posthumous pardon from the British government. Officials have indicated they would support...
A hero to humanity. Alan Mathison Turing British mathematician, logician & cryptanalyst. He was highly influential in the development of computer science. Turing is widely considered to be the father of theoretical computer science and AI. During WW2 he help crack the allegedly unbreakable Enigma code. Turing was prosecuted for homosexuality in 1952. He accepted treatment with female hormones (chemical castration) as an alternative to prison. Turing died from suicide by cyanide poisoning.
It is hard to overstate the importance of Alan Turing, the British mathematician who died in 1954. He was a hero in science, for one. Turing invented the concepts that underlie modern computers and artificial intelligence. And he was a hero in war: He was a vital part of the British cryptographic team at Bletchley Park that cracked the German Enigma code during World War II.
Joan Clarke, the cryptanalyst war-heroine, and the women of Bletchley Park (you never heard of)
Joan Clarke Murray codebreaker at Bletchley Park during World War II, became deputy head of Hut 8 in 1944. Code breaking was almost exclusively done by men during the war. Clarke was paid less than the men and felt that she was prevented from progressing further because of her gender. She was a English cryptanalyst and numismatist ~