Alan Turing, British mathematician (1912-1954), altered the course of the 20th C. His 1936 paper laid the foundation of computer science, providing the first formal concept of a computer algorithm. In WWII he designed the machines that cracked German military codes. In the late 1940's he turned his attention to artificial intelligence and proposed a challenge, now called the Turing test, still important today. His contribution to mathematical biology was no less profound.
Joan Clarke Murray codebreaker at Bletchley Park during World War II, became deputy head of Hut 8 in 1944. Code breaking was almost exclusively done by men during the war. Clarke was paid less than the men and felt that she was prevented from progressing further because of her gender. She was a English cryptanalyst and numismatist ~
It is hard to overstate the importance of Alan Turing, the British mathematician who died in 1954. He was a hero in science, for one. Turing invented the concepts that underlie modern computers and artificial intelligence. And he was a hero in war: He was a vital part of the British cryptographic team at Bletchley Park that cracked the German Enigma code during World War II.
Alan Mathison Turing (1912–1954) British mathematician, logician & cryptanalyst. He was highly influential in the development of computerscience, giving a formalisation of the concepts of "algorithm" & "computation". A good example how history makes/ helps the development of technologies CC