Joan Clarke Murray codebreaker at Bletchley Park during World War II, became deputy head of Hut 8 in 1944. Code breaking was almost exclusively done by men during the war. Clarke was paid less than the men and felt that she was prevented from progressing further because of her gender. She was a English cryptanalyst and numismatist ~
Turing Biographer On The True Story Of Genius's Tragic Death
Young Alan Turing (age 16) - founder of computer science, helped win World War II by decrypting the german coding machine Enigma. After the war he was tried in court for being gay, found guilty, forced to take castration pills, and then driven to commit suicide.
Alan Turing, British mathematician (1912-1954), altered the course of the 20th C. His 1936 paper laid the foundation of computer science, providing the first formal concept of a computer algorithm. In WWII he designed the machines that cracked German military codes. In the late 1940's he turned his attention to artificial intelligence and proposed a challenge, now called the Turing test, still important today. His contribution to mathematical biology was no less profound.
"Alan Turing: The Enigma." A long (700 pages), very thorough, detailed biography of the British mathematician who defined the concept of the universal machine (which underpinned much of the early development of computers), who helped break the German code in World War II, who was convicted of homosexual acts in the early 1950s, and who may have committed suicide.