Alan Turing, British mathematician (1912-1954), altered the course of the 20th C. His 1936 paper laid the foundation of computer science, providing the first formal concept of a computer algorithm. In WWII he designed the machines that cracked German military codes. In the late 1940's he turned his attention to artificial intelligence and proposed a challenge, now called the Turing test, still important today. His contribution to mathematical biology was no less profound.
Young Alan Turing (age 16) - founder of computer science, helped win World War II by decrypting the german coding machine Enigma. After the war he was tried in court for being gay, found guilty, forced to take castration pills, and then driven to commit suicide.
Statue in memorial to Alan Turing, Sackville Gardens, Manchester, England, United Kingdom, 2011, photograph by Ian Rhodes. Turing, a mathematician and logician, was considered by Churchill to have made the single greatest contribution to the war effort against the Nazis through his code breaking work. He was prosecuted for homosexuality in 1952, chemically castrated, and subsequently committed suicide at age 42, an action the British government would not apologise for until 2009.
Joan Clarke Murray codebreaker at Bletchley Park during World War II, became deputy head of Hut 8 in 1944. Code breaking was almost exclusively done by men during the war. Clarke was paid less than the men and felt that she was prevented from progressing further because of her gender. She was a English cryptanalyst and numismatist ~
It is hard to overstate the importance of Alan Turing, the British mathematician who died in 1954. He was a hero in science, for one. Turing invented the concepts that underlie modern computers and artificial intelligence. And he was a hero in war: He was a vital part of the British cryptographic team at Bletchley Park that cracked the German Enigma code during World War II.
This man, Alan Turing, helped win World War II by inventing a computer than could decrypt German messages encoded with the Enigma machine. In addition, he formally described the concepts of algorithms and computation. He proved that anything computable on one machine, is computable on another, given enough time. He is the father of computer science. After the war he was tried in court for being gay, found gulty, forced to take castration pills, and then driven to suicide. Britan has…
A hero to humanity. Alan Mathison Turing British mathematician, logician & cryptanalyst. He was highly influential in the development of computer science. Turing is widely considered to be the father of theoretical computer science and AI. During WW2 he help crack the allegedly unbreakable Enigma code. Turing was prosecuted for homosexuality in 1952. He accepted treatment with female hormones (chemical castration) as an alternative to prison. Turing died from suicide by cyanide poisoning.