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Kitab al-Bulhan ... [etc.] composite codex. Written in Arabic, location unknown, dated 14th-15th centuries. Composite manuscript in Arabic of divinatory works, dating principally from the late 14th century A.D., containing astrological, astronomical and geomantic texts compiled by Abd al-Hasan Al-Isfahani, with illustrations. Fol. 81r is in Turkish.

from Brain Pickings

100 Diagrams That Changed the World

Lunar Eclipse (Abu Rayhan al-Biruni, 1019): An illustration showing the different phases of the moon from al-Biruni's manuscript copy of his Kitab al-Tafhim (Book of Instruction on the Principles of the Art of Astrology)


Al-Razi & Al Biruni Al-razi was a scientist, alchemist and chemist, and mathematician. He also discovered the compounds for alcohol and kerosene. Many books were accredited to him about alchemy. Al-biruni was well known for work in physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian, chronologist and linguist. He wrote 95 books on astronomy and mathematics. He devised his own way to determine the radius of the earth.


Iran / Afghanistan: An astronomical illustration explaining the different phases of the moon by Abu Rayhan Al-Biruni (973-1048 CE)