Espalier Fruit Trees for our orchard. Espalier = the horticultural and ancient agricultural practice of controlling woody plant growth originally for the production of fruit,by pruning and tying branches to a frame so that they grow into a flat plane, frequently in formal patterns, against a structure such as a wall, fence, or trellis.
Developers are rubbing their hands in glee. Soon, the presumed decision on any planning application in England will be "yes". What does the government have to gain from pushing through these reforms, unpopular with their own voters and the wider public?
Urban Agriculture Magazine issue 28 This issue of the UA magazine highlights innovations in urban agriculture. It features articles on the GROW the City project that brought pioneers of urban agriculture and urban food strategies from all over the world to the Netherlands to share and discuss their practices, experiences and challenges. Moreover, we have articles ranging from social innovations in urban agriculture to technical innovations such as vertical farming and rooftop gardening.
Growing salads, fruits and herbs vertically not only allows urban dwellers to grow food in small spaces, but follows the permaculture principles of stacking, using renewable resources and making the most of the edge.