Dr. Patricia Era Bath is an African American and Native American ophthalmologist, inventor of the Laserphaco Probe. Bath is the first African American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Her Laserphaco Probe is used to treat cataracts.
Nina Mae McKinney (June 13, 1912 - May 3, 1967) was an American actress. Dubbed "The Black Garbo" when she worked in Europe, she was one of the first African-American film stars and was one of the first African-Americans to appear on British television.
Rosa Parks (1913 - 2005) Rosa Parks was an African American civil rights activist who refused to obey a bus driver's order that she give up her sit for a white passenger. Through her brave civil disobedience actions, she became an important symbol of the modern Civil Rights Movement in the U.S.