Shirley Chisholm 1969 of New York, becomes the first Black woman in Congress. Her motto is, "Unbought and unbossed." She served in the U.S. House of Representatives for 14 years. Shirley Chisholm (D-NY) becomes the first black woman U.S. Representative. Read more: Famous Firsts by American Women, 1901–Present | Infoplease.com http://www.infoplease.com/spot/womensfirsts2.html#ixzz2XSMje5Ep
Before Kathryn Johnson became a Physicist & Mathematician responsible for putting men on the moon, she was a teacher and Stay At Home Mom. Later, she applied to NASA to calculate trajectories for space flights.