Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela- born in Transkei, South Africa on July 18, 1918. Mandela himself was educated at University College of Fort Hare & the University of Witwatersrand & qualified in law in 1942. He joined the African Nat'l Congress in 1944 & was engaged in resistance against the ruling National Party's apartheid policies after 1948. He consistently refused to compromise his political position to obtain his freedom. Feb 11, 1990: Nelson Mandela released from prison
The Oba of Benin Ovonramwen in 1897. Exiled to Calabar in south-eastern Nigeria, after a British court acquitted him of the killings of seven british emissaries that sparked retaiiatry british attacks. But by the time the monarchy was restored in 1914, the independent kingdom of Benin no longer existed - it had become part of Nigeria, which was then a British colony.