portrait of Sherlock Holmes by Fernando Vicente (Spanish painter and illustrator, born 1963). – Arthur Conan Doyle: A Study in Scarlet. – Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle KStJ, DL (1859-1930) was a British writer best known for his detective fiction featuring the character Sherlock Holmes. Originally a physician, in 1887 he published A Study in Scarlet, the first of four novels about Holmes and Dr. Watson. In addition, Doyle wrote over fifty short stories featuring the famous detective.