South Africa became valuable to England after the discoveries of mines and gold. Britain's rule finally became solid after their victory in the Second Boer War.

South Africa became valuable to England after the discoveries of mines and gold. Britain's rule finally became solid after their victory in the Second Boer War.

Mother and child starved in Concentration Camp during the Boer War. Konsentrasiekamp-ellende... ’n jong Afrikaner-ma en haar erg uitgeteerde kind.

Mother and child starved in Concentration Camp during the Boer War. Konsentrasiekamp-ellende... ’n jong Afrikaner-ma en haar erg uitgeteerde kind.

Boer civilians watch as their house burns from scorched earth tactics by the British Army during the Second Anglo-Boer War, South Africa, 1899-1902.

Boer civilians watch as their house burns from scorched earth tactics by the British Army during the Second Anglo-Boer War, South Africa, 1899-1902.

Farms burning courtesy of the British scorched earth policy. Destroying the Boer's homes, starving their women and children in concentration camps in an attempt to break their resolve

Farms burning courtesy of the British scorched earth policy. Destroying the Boer's homes, starving their women and children in concentration camps in an attempt to break their resolve

The Battle of Blood River - The Boer picked off the Zulu warriors lining the banks of the river that ran red with their blood - hence the name Blood River.  An estimated 3000 Zulu warriors were killed on the veld, in the donga and in the river. Not a single Boer was killed. The Zulus were no match against a strong Boer defensive position. In the ultimate of ironies, on that very day, the British had run up the Union Jack in Durban. The Voortrekkers' greatest enemy had arrived.

The Battle of Blood River - The Boer picked off the Zulu warriors lining the banks of the river that ran red with their blood - hence the name Blood River. An estimated 3000 Zulu warriors were killed on the veld, in the donga and in the river. Not a single Boer was killed. The Zulus were no match against a strong Boer defensive position. In the ultimate of ironies, on that very day, the British had run up the Union Jack in Durban. The Voortrekkers' greatest enemy had arrived.

Pears Soap-Adverts like this for Pear's soap, exploiting the differences between Black and White, are seen as explicitly racist today. They reinforce the stereotype of Black skin as dark and undesirable, while White is superior and pure. This British advert dates from the early 19th century.

41 Mind-Blowingly Racist Vintage Ads You Need To See

Pears Soap-Adverts like this for Pear's soap, exploiting the differences between Black and White, are seen as explicitly racist today. They reinforce the stereotype of Black skin as dark and undesirable, while White is superior and pure. This British advert dates from the early 19th century.

By the 1690s, the English had surpassed the Dutch as the leading trader in slaves. The advent of free trade benefitted the commercial ports of Bristol and Liverpool in particular which soon made themselves a vital lynchpin in the building and provisioning of ships to participate in the African trade. The ever increasing importance of the sugar islands in the Caribbean helped to create another trading impetus. Success induced further investment in more and better ships

By the 1690s, the English had surpassed the Dutch as the leading trader in slaves. The advent of free trade benefitted the commercial ports of Bristol and Liverpool in particular which soon made themselves a vital lynchpin in the building and provisioning of ships to participate in the African trade. The ever increasing importance of the sugar islands in the Caribbean helped to create another trading impetus. Success induced further investment in more and better ships

Sir George Goldie-In 1882, the year that the British occupied Egypt, a British trading company lobbied for government protection of their monopoly on palm oil exports from the Lower Niger River. The principal figure in the company was George Taubman Goldie, a Royal Engineer who entered the Niger River trade as a result of some company shares that he received from his uncle. In 1879, he organized a number of small trading firms into the United African Company (UAC), and in 1882 they changed…

Sir George Goldie-In 1882, the year that the British occupied Egypt, a British trading company lobbied for government protection of their monopoly on palm oil exports from the Lower Niger River. The principal figure in the company was George Taubman Goldie, a Royal Engineer who entered the Niger River trade as a result of some company shares that he received from his uncle. In 1879, he organized a number of small trading firms into the United African Company (UAC), and in 1882 they changed…

Freetown -  The British eventually took control of Freetown, making it a Crown Colony in 1808. This act accompanied expansion that led to the creation of Sierra Leone. From 1808 to 1874, the city served as the capital of British West Africa. It also served as the base for the Royal Navy's West Africa Squadron, which was charged with enforcing the ban on the slave trade. When the squadron liberated slaves on trading ships, they brought most to Sierra Leone, and Freetown in particular. The…

Freetown - The British eventually took control of Freetown, making it a Crown Colony in 1808. This act accompanied expansion that led to the creation of Sierra Leone. From 1808 to 1874, the city served as the capital of British West Africa. It also served as the base for the Royal Navy's West Africa Squadron, which was charged with enforcing the ban on the slave trade. When the squadron liberated slaves on trading ships, they brought most to Sierra Leone, and Freetown in particular. The…

On 11 December 1878, agents of the British delivered an ultimatum to 14 chiefs representing Cetshwayo. The terms of the ultimatum were unacceptable to Cetshwayo. British forces crossed the Tugela river at the end of December 1878. Initially, the British suffered a heavy defeat at the Battle of Isandlwana on 22 January 1879 where the Zulu army killed more than 1,000 British soldiers in a single day.

On 11 December 1878, agents of the British delivered an ultimatum to 14 chiefs representing Cetshwayo. The terms of the ultimatum were unacceptable to Cetshwayo. British forces crossed the Tugela river at the end of December 1878. Initially, the British suffered a heavy defeat at the Battle of Isandlwana on 22 January 1879 where the Zulu army killed more than 1,000 British soldiers in a single day.


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Iconic American figures, both revered as Founding Fathers and presidents, Washington and Jefferson developed such an antagonistic relationship that they came to regard each other as enemies. Fleming looks beyond the standard history of the founding and early years of the nation to detail the contrasts in the backgrounds and personalities of these men that led to the conflict.

Iconic American figures, both revered as Founding Fathers and presidents, Washington and Jefferson developed such an antagonistic relationship that they came to regard each other as enemies. Fleming looks beyond the standard history of the founding and early years of the nation to detail the contrasts in the backgrounds and personalities of these men that led to the conflict.

The Irish were the the first  slaves in the American Colonies. People should be more educated... :/

The Irish were the the first slaves in the American Colonies. People should be more educated... :/

The extraordinary life of George Edwin Taylor and what it can tell us about politics in America — then and now.

The extraordinary life of George Edwin Taylor and what it can tell us about politics in America — then and now.

New Series About African American Slavery by the New York Historical Society: http://www.nydivided.org/

New Series About African American Slavery by the New York Historical Society: http://www.nydivided.org/

A permanent reminder of Wall Street’s hidden slave-trading past is coming soon - The Washington Post

A permanent reminder of Wall Street’s hidden slave-trading past is coming soon

A permanent reminder of Wall Street’s hidden slave-trading past is coming soon - The Washington Post

The National Park Service is trying to reshape public views of the still hotly contested effort to rebuild the American South after the Civil War.

Taking Another Look at the Reconstruction Era

The National Park Service is trying to reshape public views of the still hotly contested effort to rebuild the American South after the Civil War.

City to Acknowledge it Operated a Slave Market for More Than 50 Years - WNYC

City to Acknowledge it Operated a Slave Market for More Than 50 Years - WNYC

Boer General Koos De La Rey (22/10/1847 - 15/09/1914), one of South Africa's best loved military leaders during the Anglo Boer-War. Famous for his humane treatment of his enemies

Boer General Koos De La Rey (22/10/1847 - 15/09/1914), one of South Africa's best loved military leaders during the Anglo Boer-War. Famous for his humane treatment of his enemies

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