1947 | FREEDOM RIDERS, "THE JOURNEY OF RECONCILIATION" was a form of non-violent direct action to challenge segregation laws on interstate buses in the Southern United States. The two-week journey by 16 men began on April 9, 1947. Sixteen men from the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) took part, seven white and eight black.
Unpublished. Paul Schutzer captures the view from a bus' window during a Freedom Ride from Montgomery, Alabama, to Jackson, Mississippi, in 1961. Before reaching Montgomery, where LIFE's Schutzer caught up with them, the Freedom Riders collided with trouble in other Alabama cities. At a station in Anniston, an angry mob slashed the tires of one bus
Freedom Riders enter a bus terminal area designated as whites-only in Jackson, Mississippi, in 1961. They were promptly arrested on charges of breaching the peace and disobeying an officer. Following the Prayer Pilgrimage, the civil rights movement made great strides — the integration of Little Rock's Central High School in fall 1957, and of Woolworth's lunch counters across the country