North Carolina History
(Image: Catawba at The Corn Exposition 1913 Rock Hill) "When the English first settled South Carolina about 1682, they estimated the Catawba at about 1,500 warriors, or about 4,600 people in total. They named the Catawba River and Catawba County after the indigenous people. By 1728, the Catawba had been reduced to about 400 warriors, or about 1400 persons." Although their numbers continued to decline throughout the 19th Century, by 2006 their population stood near 2600.