General Joubert, bought Mauser magazine rifles, firing smokeless ammunition, and a number of modern field guns and automatic weapons from the German armaments manufacturer Krupp, the French firm Creusot and the British company Maxim.
Boer War Louis Botha, Commander-in-chief of the Transvaal Boers, fighting with impressive capability at Colenso and Spion kop. After the fall of Pretoria, he led a concerted guerrilla campaign against the British.
A Boer woman with her dead child, the last of her children to die, photographed by Emily Hobhouse. An English activist, Emily spent six months in South Africa from January to June 1901 visiting Bloemfontein and six other concentration camps.