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Chapter 14: The Birth of Apartheid
Apartheid was an institutionalized system of racial segregation enforced by the National Party (Nasionale Party) government in South Africa from 1948 to 1994. The term apartheid comes from the Afrikaans word meaning ”separateness.” The era of apartheid in South Africa is infamous for its utter dehumanization, impoverishment and all-around discrimination against a native population. Apartheid lasted for over 40 years with the support of the United States and other world powers.
Apartheid was a system of institutionalised racial segregation that existed in South Africa from 1948 until the early 1990s. Apartheid was characterised by an authoritarian political culture based on baasskap (or white supremacy), which encouraged state repression of Black African, Coloured, and Asian South Africans for the benefit of the nation's minority white population.