Thirty Years War
A series of wars (1618-1648) that turned into one of the longest, most destructive conflicts in European history. Initially a war between Protestant and…
Portrait of Wallenstein by Anthony Van Dyck, 1629. Albrecht von Wallenstein was a Czech soldier and politician, who offered his services, and an army of 30,000 to 100,000 men during the Danish period (1625–29) of the Thirty Years' War (1618–48), to the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II. He became the supreme commander of the armies of the Habsburg Monarchy and a major figure of the Thirty Years' War. Ultimately,Ferdinand had the general assassinated at Eger (Cheb) in Egerland.
Gustav Adolphus. 1594 - 1632. Gustav Adolphus was King of Sweden when the Thirty Years War broke out in 1618. Having already built up Sweden's economy and reformed the army, he had ensured that Sweden was well prepared for the war, bringing his country into the war in 1631. He was a talented and brave commander but was killed at the Battle of Lutzen a year later after his wounded horse carried him into the middle of the Habsburg line.